List of abbreviations
Every attempt was made to provide correct information and labelling, however any liability for eventual errors or incompleteness is rejected!
The thoracic duct is the larges lymphatic vessel og the body. Its mane
comes from lat. Ductus = duct and Thorax = thorax. The duct collects lymph
from the intraabdominal organs, the pelvis and the legs. The thoracic duct
originates at the chymlic cistern (Cisterna chyli) and penetrates the diaphragm
to enter the thorax were it continues right to the aorta in posterior mediastinum.
The duct collects endothoracic lymph ducts as well. After a fat meal the
fluid in the duct becomes white (like milk). This is caused by thousands
of chylomicrones that originate from gut. The thoracic duct opens into
the left venous angle (Angulus venosus sinster) the junction of internal
jugular vein (V. jugularis interna und der V. subclavia sinistra. Thus
the whole content is directly delivered into the blood.
The thoracic duct has only a very thin monolayer of non-fenestrated endothelial cells Enf and a very weak media consisting of few smooth muscle cells Myn and larger amounts of ground substance Sfa. The media is attached to loose connective tissue. There are only few corpuscules in the lymph of the thoracic duct, in the present case exclusively lymphocytes.
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